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Rift Valley Fever outbreak claims on life in Kabale district

A Burundian long distance truck driver has succumbed to Rift valley Fever in the isolation unit at Kabale Regional Referral Hospital. Isa Ndimurukundo died on Tuesday evening a few hours after he was picked up by the surveillance team from Katuna border town and admitted in the isolation unit.
Dr. Patrick Tusiime, the Kabale District Medical Officer confirmed the death of Ndimurukundo. According to Tusiime, Ndimurukundo was admitted in the isolation unit when he presented with signs of Rift valley Fever. Samples for the patient were taken to Uganda Virus Research Institute for screening but the results are yet to come out.

The Rift Valley Fever outbreak in Kabale district was confirmed on March 11, 2016.  Rift Valley Fever is a viral infection that primarily affects animals, but also has the capacity to infect humans. It presents with fever, severe illness and abortions in animals.

According to World Health Organization, the fever is transmitted to humans through poor handling of animal tissue during slaughtering, veterinary procedures or disposal of carcasses or fetuses. Majority of human infections result from contact with blood or organs of infected animals and persons.
The surveillance team has already picked samples from over 40 animals and 10 people across the district for testing at the Uganda Virus Research Institute. Currently two people are under strict monitoring after they tested positive.

A person suffering from Rift Valley Fever may have either no symptoms or a mild illness associated with fever and liver abnormalities. However, in some patients, the illness can progress to haemorrhagic fever, inflammation of the brain which can lead to headaches, coma or seizures or eye disease.  People who become ill usually experience fever, generalised weakness, back pain, dizziness and weight loss at the onset of the illness.